A glassy, translucent stone, Carnelian is a variety of Chalcedony, a mineral of the Quartz family. It has a smooth finish with a uniform colour, naturally ranging from orange-red to deep red. It is the Zodiac birthstone for the signs of Leo and Virgo.
Known as a stone of motivation and endurance, leadership and courage, Carnelians have protected and inspired throughout history. Ancient Warriors wore Carnelian around their neck for courage and physical power to conquer their enemies. In Egypt it was worn by master architects to show their rank of builder, and alchemists of the Middle Ages used it as a boiling stone to activate the energy of other Chalcedonies.